Known Supervolcanic Eruptions

March 14th, 2009

Here is a list of known supervolcanic eruptions that have occurred in the past:

VEI 8 Eruptions

1. 26,500 years agoLake Tuapo, North Island, New Zealand (Oruanui Eruption)

2. 75,000 years ago - Lake Toba, Sumatra, Indonesia (This eruption plunged the Earth into a volcanic winter, eradicating an estimated 60% of the human population and was responsible for the formation of sulfuric acid in the atmosphere.)

3. 254,000 years agoWhakamaru, North Island, New Zealand

4. 640,000 years ago - Yellowstone Caldera, Wyoming, United States

5. 2,100,000 years ago - Island Park Caldera, Idaho/Wyoming, United States

6. 4,500,000 years agoKilgore Tuff, Idaho, United States

7. 6,600,000 years ago - Black Tail Creek, Idaho, United States

8. 27,800,000 years ago - La Garita Caldera, Colorado, United States

VEI 7 Eruptions

- These type of eruptions are less-severe, but still powerful, and have occurred in the geological past.

1. 1815 - Tambora, West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia

2. 969 AD - Baekdu Mountain, China/North Korea

3. 181 C.E. - Lake Taupo, North Island, New Zealand (Hatepe eruption)

4. 6,300 years ago - Kikai Caldera, Ryukyu Islands, Japan

5. 12,000 years ago - Campi Flegrei, Naples, Italy

6. 22,000 years ago - Aira Caldera, Ky?sh?, Japan

7, 230,000 years ago - Reporoa caldera, New Zealand

8. 80,000-300,000 years ago - Aso, Ky?sh?, Japan

9. 760,000 years ago - Long Valley Caldera, California, United States

10. 1,120,000 years ago - Valles Caldera, New Mexico, United States

11. 970,000-1,230,000 years ago - Mangakino, North Island, New Zealand

12. 1,300,000 years ago - Henry’s Fork Caldera, Idaho, United States

13. 6,400,000 years ago - Walcott Tuff, Idaho, United States

14. 50,000,000 years ago - Bennett Lake Volcanic Complex, British Columbia/Yukon, Canada

15. 10,000,000-12,000,000 years ago - Bruneau-Jarbidge, Idaho, United States

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