Black Holes in the Universe
A black hole is a region of space in which the gravitational field is so powerful that nothing can escape its pull after having fallen past its event horizon. Black holes may reveal its presence through interaction with matter orbiting the event horizon. They are described by the general theory of relativity. This theory predicts that when mass is large enough and is present in sufficiently small region of space, all paths are warped inwards towards the center of the volume, preventing all matter and radiation within it from escaping. Research indicates that rather than holding captured matter forever, black holes may slowly leak a form of thermal energy called Hawking radiation and may have a finite life.
What makes it impossible to escape from a black hole?
There are many theories as to why it is impossible to escape from a black hole. One concept is that of escape velocity, which is the speed needed for a vessel starting at the surface of a massive object to completely clear the object’s gravitational field. This follows from Newton’s law of gravity that a dense object’s escape velocity will equal or exceed the speed of light. Albert Einstein proposed two theories. The first is that time and space are not two independent characteristics, but interrelated forming a single continuum. spacetime. The other theory is the base of general relativity, that mass deforms the structure of this spacetime.
There are many different types and sizes of black holes. What is probably the top interest of black holes today is the fact that evidence does state that black holes exist in our universe. To read more about the black holes in our universe, visit Astrophysical evidence for the existence of black holes.